How to Fix Systemctl Command Not Found Error on Linux

Linux is an open-source Unix Operating System, and they are based on the Linux Kernel. It is one of the most popular operating systems that can be easily run on various devices, including embedded as well non-embedded. Just like Windows and Mac operating systems, Linux is the popular operating system, that most users love to use rather than other operating systems.

With Linux, you can easily perform different tasks as it has multiple commands to access. However, most Linux users encounter errors while running commands. One of the prevalent errors is “systemctl command not found”. Generally, this error occurs when the system finds the systemctl command missing. In this article, we will provide some nifty workarounds that you can take to troubleshoot the error you are facing on Linux. So, without any further ado, let’s get started.

How to Fix Systemctl Command Not Found Error on Linux

What is Systemctl Command?

On the Linux operating system, systemctl is a command-line tool that basically controls the system services. It is an essential tool that allows the system administrators to manage the system’s services and other resources. Generally, the systemctl command allows the users to begin, enable, disable, end and restart service la on their Linux system, which is simple to access.

What Causes the Systemctl Command Not Found Error on Linux?

Generally, the ”systemctl Command Not Found” error happens when the system finds the systemctl missing. One of the primary reasons for systemctl error is the use of an outdated Linux version, which generally causes an issue with the systemctl command. However, an outdated or older Linux version has only support for sysvinit instead of systemd utility.

Although, the system utility is missing in some older versions of Linux. The systemctl is only compatible with this utility. However, if you use the systemctl with an outdated or older Linux configuration such as sysvinit or Upstart, then the error systemctl command not found will occur on Linux operating system. Make sure to use the most recent Linux version to operate systemctl command on your device.

Apart from that, there are some other common reasons why “Systemctl Command Not Found” errors on Linux. Here are primary reasons includes:

  • The systemctl package is not correctly installed.
  • The system isn’t running a systemd-based init system on Linux.
  • The PATH environment variable is not properly set.

Fix: Systemctl Command Not Found Error on Linux

Try these below troubleshooting strategies to fix the systemctl command not found error on Linux system. Make sure to pay attention to each and every solution as one missed step can’t help to fix the problem.

Fix 1: Install the Systemctl Package

The first thing you have to do is install the systemctl package on your Linux operating system. You can easily install the systemctl package by using Linux package manager. By installing the systemd package, you may easily resolve the problem, however it’s not a guaranteed solution. However, make sure to check whether the systemd package is already installed on your Linux system.

Run following command to check whether the systemctl packages is installed or not on your Linux system:

sudo dpkg -l | grep systemd

In case if the systemd package is not correctly installed on your Linux system, you will have to install it by using the below mentioned steps. For instance, to install it on Ubuntu and Debian-based systems, then follow the below command to install the systemctl package.

First update packages:

sudo apt update

Run below command to install systemd:

sudo apt install systemd

On Red Hat-based systems use command:

sudo yum install systemd

In case if you are still encountering a command error despite having Installed systemd, you can try to reinstall the systemctl package by following the below commands.
sudo apt install –reinstall systemd

Fix 2: Check the PATH Environment Variable

The other most common reason why the systemctl command not found error on Linux is the incorrect set of PATH Environment variables. However, if the PATH environment variable is not set correctly, the Linux system can’t find the systemctl command. Well, you can easily check the PATH environment variable by running the following command.

echo $PATH

The output should contain the above path to the directory where the systemctl command is located. If it’s not visible, you may easily add the directory to the PATH environment variable by following the below command:

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/bin/systemctl

Fix 3: Check the Init System

One of the common reasons why systemctl command is not working, so if your system is not running a systemd-based init system on Linux, you may experience the “systemctl Command Not Found” error. Make sure to check whether your Linux system is running a systemd-based init system. You can easily check this by running the below command:

ps -p 1 -o comm=


If the output is “systemd”, your Linux system is running a systemd-based init system. But if the output is not “systemd”, you will have to switch to a systemd-based init system to access the systemctl command on your Linux system.


The “systemctl Command Not Found” error is a common error in Linux operating system. Generally, it can be caused by numerous reasons, including the systemctl package not being installed, the PATH environment variable not being correctly set, and the system not running a systemd-based init system. Fortunately, you can easily fix the error by attempting the effective solutions we have mentioned in this article. Make sure to follow each steps carefully on your Linux system. We hope that this guide helps you in fixing the error you are facing on Linux.

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